Many industries around the world uses many types of asbestos fibres made products for different purposes including construction, manufacturing and chemical refining from the late 1800s through the 1980s.
Government regulations and policies put in place from the 1970s through to the 1990s limited the use of asbestos, but did not fully stop it use, and law firms discouraged many companies and companies from continuing to use the mineral. Asbestos fibres products are still commonly used in nations such as Russia, China, India and Mexico.
Majority of the Americans wonder what products are made from sources of asbestos today because of importation and exportation activities. In line with a record gathered in 2020 by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, chrysotile asbestos is imported into the U.S. mainly to produce asbestos diaphragms for the chloralkali industry.
The record revealed unreasonable asbestos exposure risk for workers who takes care of oilfield brake blocks, aftermarket automotive brakes, linings and other automobile friction products, sheet gaskets utilized in chemical production factories and gaskets used in other companies.
The also agency also discovered a risk to users handling gaskets and aftermarket auto brakes and linings. Popular Asbestos fibre has been lately detected in contaminated talc products, including baby powder and children’s makeup unfortunately.
Most of the old asbestos fibrt remain in place, including attic insulation or floor tiles in older buildings. Major uses of asbestos fibres remain active today, such as old asbestos pipes used for plumbing and laboratory equipment at universities and other institutions around the world.
MAJOR ASBESTOS CONTAINING PRODUCTS INCLUDE:
Most commercial and industrial asbestos products were used by many different types of trade staffs in a many different industries, including power generation, oil and gas, construction, automotive repair, plumbing, electricity and chemical making.
Road and site construction staffs were exposed when building roads and homes, plumbers are exposed to asbestos pipes and insulation, electricians are exposed while repairing electrical panels and other equipment, and automobile mechanics are exposed when changing brakes and clutches. Do-it-yourselfers who perform repairs on older homes and home automobile mechanics handling aftermarket brake pads and clutch linings are also at major risk of asbestos contact and exposure.
MAJOR ASBESTOS PRODUCTS:
1. Asbestos found in Automotive Parts:
Mainly all brake pads, clutches, hood liners, gaskets and valves contained asbestos particles.
2. Asbestos floor tiles for homes:
Different kinds of tiles and adhesives used for building constructions at some time were made with asbestos materials.
3. Building Tiles:
Many flooring, ceiling and roofing tiles were commonly manufactured using asbestos particles as main material. The adhesive used to lay down flooring tiles has also been a source of exposure and contact with asbestos particles.
4. Asbestos particles found in Cement:
Mainly weathering of cement made with particles of asbestos can expose toxic fibers.
5. Cement for construction:
Cements produced with asbestos particles were used in building materials because the fibers provided enough strength without adding much weight on the building. Its insulating and fire-resistant features and abilities also made the asbestos particles mineral an ideal substance to add to cement.
6. Asbestos found in textiles materials:
Many different types of textile products were made with asbestos fibers. Asbestos particles were used in the production of cloths and garments for its resistance to heat and corrosive elements. Some of the most common textiles produced using these asbestos particles Include blankets, firefighter suits and ropes.
The United States of America’s Environmental Protection Agency’s 2020 risk evaluation discovered an unreasonable risk to the health of chloralkai staffs who works with raw asbestos particles to make diaphragms. These asbestos diaphragms work as a filter to manufacture chlorine and sodium hydroxide chemicals for experimental use in the laboratories. Asbestos particles reportedly does not end up in the final products, so the agency did not find a threat to users.
During the month of February in 2021, the United States of America’s Geological Survey recordes a 30 percent heights in raw chrysotile asbestos particles importation for the previous year to assist the chloralkai industry. Normally, the use of products containing asbestos particles spread across a number of industries. Majority of these products could be grouped as either construction or automotive materials.
COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS MADE WITH ASBESTOS:
2. Parts of automotive
3. Cement for construction
4. Construction mastics and gunning mix
6. Duct connectors
7. Electrical components
12. Laboratory equipment
14. Cement sheets
17. Vinyl products
HOME USE ASBESTOS CONTAINING PRODUCTS:
Product users, homeowners and do-it-yourselfers have been in contact and exposed to asbestos particles in consumer goods and home building materials. Recent DIY projects in older homes present an exposure risk to homeowners as at now. Do-it-yourselfers who are involved in installing their own insulation and flooring before the 1990s faced a high risk of very deadly asbestos particles exposure and contact.
Users of makeup materials mostly women are at high risk of exposure and contact with asbestos particles through contaminated talc products. Most unfortunately, asbestos particles have been realisedd in children’s makeup in recent years. It has also been realised in children’s toys, including crayons, clay and a fingerprint kit.
These many home used products that were produced with Asbestos particles include:
2. Cigarette filters
4. Ashtray coasters
5. Wicking for gas ranges
6. Fake snow
7. Hair dryers
9. Talcum powder
10. Zonolite insulation
USES OF ASBESTOS:
In most cases, asbestos particles were used for its ability to strengthen and fireproof different products, including concrete, bricks, fireplace cement, pipes and insulation. Even though the use of asbestos particles have been largely regulated out since the 1980s, it can still be seen in products such as gaskets and brake pads.
Not until after the 1800s, people majorly used asbestos particles to make fireproof cloth in small quantities. Then, during the Industrial Revolution, great demand arose for a material that could insulate steam engines. At the same time, the technology was developed to easily mine asbestos and combine it with other materials.
During the 20th century, demand for asbestos products was propelled further by the shipbuilding efforts of World War II and the postwar building boom. Many veterans were exposed to asbestos during both their military service and their civilian careers.
By the 1970s, lawsuits were holding asbestos manufacturers liable for the diseases their products caused. Workers who developed mesothelioma, lung cancer and asbestosis were suing for compensation to cover medical costs and lost wages. Unfortunately, doctors are still searching for a cure for every type of asbestos-related disease.
REASONS BEHIND THE USE OF ASBESTOS:
Asbestos has unique chemical and physical properties that make it strong and resistant to heat and chemical reaction. Its chemical composition makes it less likely to react with other compounds, and the space between its fibers reduces conduction of heat, making it resistant to fire.
FEATURES OF ASBESTOS
1. Abundant: Asbestos occurs naturally in mineral deposits around the world.
2. Fibrous: Asbestos ore can be pulled apart into a wooly consistency and then worked like any other type of fiber.
3. Durable: Asbestos is resistant to heat, electricity and chemical corrosion.
4. Carcinogenic: Microscopic asbestos fibers are not easily broken down by the human body once they are inhaled. Over many years, lodged asbestos fibers can cause chronic inflammation, buildup of scar tissue and cancer.
CURRENT FATE OF ASBESTOS CONTAINING PRODUCTS:
Currently, several asbestos products are banned in the U.S. through the Clean Air Act, the Consumer Product Safety Act and regulations enacted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, known as the EPA.
The EPA is reviewing legacy uses of asbestos to assess current risk to workers and the general public. It conducted a review of current asbestos uses and issued a final rule in 2019 prohibiting new asbestos products from entering the market without a review. This applies to once-common products such as asbestos plastic, asbestos cement and vinyl asbestos tile.
The agency attempted to issue a ban on all asbestos products in 1989, but the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit overturned the ban in 1991 under pressure from industry lobbyists. The EPA was able to ban six asbestos products at the time, and the ruling did not reverse previously banned asbestos materials. Because of this, certain asbestos-containing products, such as gaskets and brake pads, are still sold in America.
By law, these products are not required to carry a warning label if they are less than 1% asbestos or if they will not release asbestos fibers during any reasonably foreseeable use. Though asbestos remains legal in the U.S., regulatory organizations control its use and manage its removal from older buildings