Factors Affecting The Risk of Developing Diseases Related to Asbestos

FACTORS AFFECTING THE RISKS OF DEVELOPING DISEASES RELATED TO ASBESTOS.
FACTORS AFFECTING THE RISKS OF DEVELOPING DISEASES RELATED TO ASBESTOS.

So many factors influences the determination of how asbestos exposure surface in an individual and these are as follows:

1. Dosage (the number of asbestos an individual was in contact with).
2. Time (the duration an individual was in contact with asbestos)
3. Structure and chemical makeup of the asbestos particles
4. Source in which the individual contacted the asbestos.
5. Behavi factors, which includes smoking and other lungs ailments.
6. DNA molecules and instructions, such as having a germline mutation in BAP1.
Even though most particles of asbestos are seen as being hazardous, other forms of asbestos fibers may be related with other health risks. For instance, the outcome of several researches revealed that amphibole kinds of asbestos may be more destructive than chrysotile, mainly for mesothelioma risk, because they tend to stay in the pleural for a longer period of time.

EFFECTS OF SMOKING:
Many findings have revealed that combining smoking with asbestos exposure is mainly hazardous. People who smokes and are also exposed to asbestos particles are prone to developing malignant mesothelioma that is greater than the individual risks from asbestos and smoking added together. There is enough proof that stopping smoking will reduce the rate of malignant mesothelioma among asbestos-exposed staff of any company. Smoking added with asbestos exposure does not show to spike the risk of mesothelioma. However, those who were in close contact with asbestos on the job at any time during their life or who suspect they may have been exposed should not smoke cigarettes.

HOW TO DETECT DISEASES RELATED TO ASBESTOS:
All the people who have been in close contact (or suspect they have been in close proximity) to asbestos fibers at their different places of work, through the environment, or at home through a family and friends contact should quickly visit the hospital and see their doctor about the number of times they have been in close contact with asbestos and whether or not they notice any form of symptoms. The noticeable symptoms of asbestos-related ailments may not become evident for many 20 to 60 years after the contact. It is mainly important to look out with a physician if any of the following signs surfaces:

1. Problem of breath, wheezing, or hoarseness
2. A reoccurring cough that gets terribly bad over time.
3. Blood in the substance coughed up from the lungs.
4. Severe Pain or tightening in the chest region.
5. Tough time swallowing food.
6. Swollen neck or face
7. Loss of appetite
8. Weight loss
9. Fatigue or anemia.

Proper body check up, including a chest x-ray and lung function tests in the laboratory, are very necessary. The chest x-ray is the most popular tool used to identify asbestos-related ailments. Even though chest x-rays cannot necessarily show up the asbestos fibers in the lungs, they can assist in identifying any initial symptoms of lung disease coming from contact with asbestos.

Proper examination of the biopsy of the lungs, which identifies particles asbestos fibers that cannot be seen with the naked eyes in pieces of lung tissue removed by surgery, is the most trusted and quality test to confirm exposure to asbestos at your working place.

A bronchoscopy is a less invasive test than a biopsy and detects asbestos fibers in material that is rinsed out of the lungs. It is very sacrosanct to note that these practical methods cannot reveal how much asbestos a person may have been in contact with or whether Mesothelioma will surface after a long time. Asbestos fibers can also be detected in urine, mucus, and feces, but these practical laboratory examinations are not efficient enough for determining the quantity of asbestos that may be in a patient’s lungs.

PROTECTION AGAINST ASBESTOS EXPOSURE:
The United States of America’s based Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a division of the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) and is the Federal agency responsible for health and safety regulations in maritime, construction, manufacturing, and service workplaces. OSHA established regulations dealing with asbestos exposure on the job, specifically in construction work, shipyards, and general industry, that employers are required to follow. In addition, the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), another component of DOL, enforces regulations related to mine safety. Workers should use all protective equipment provided by their employers and follow recommended workplace practices and safety procedures. For example, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-approved respirators that fit properly should be worn by workers when required.

Workers who are concerned about asbestos exposure in the workplace should discuss the situation with other employees, their employee health and safety representative, and their employers. If necessary, OSHA can provide more information or make an inspection.

ASSISTANCE FOR PATIENTS WITH ASBESTOS RELATED DISEASES:
Some people with asbestos-related illness may be eligible for Medicare coverage. Information about benefits is available from Medicare’s Regional Offices, located in 10 major cities across the United States and serving specific geographic areas. The Regional Offices serve as the agency’s initial point of contact for beneficiaries, health care providers, state and local governments, and the general public.

People with occupational asbestos-related diseases also may qualify for financial help, including medical payments, under state workers’ compensation laws. Because eligibility requirements vary from state to state, workers employed by private companies or by state and local government agencies should contact their state workers’ compensation board.

If exposure occurred during employment with a Federal agency, medical expenses and other compensation may be covered by the Federal Employees’ Compensation Program, which is administered by the DOL Employment Standards Administration’s Office of Workers’ Compensation Programs. This program provides workers’ compensation benefits to Federal (civilian) employees for employment-related injuries and diseases. Benefits include wage replacement, payment for medical care, and, where necessary, medical and vocational rehabilitation assistance in returning to work. Benefits may also be provided to dependents if the injury or disease causes the employee’s death.

In addition, the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Program provides benefits to longshoremen, harbor workers, other maritime workers, and other classes of private industry workers who are injured during the course of employment or suffer from diseases caused or worsened by conditions of employment.

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ASBESTOS EXPOSURE:
The organizations listed below can provide more information about asbestos exposure.

The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) is the principal Federal agency responsible for evaluating the human health effects of exposure to hazardous substances. This agency works in close collaboration with local, state, and other Federal agencies, with tribal governments, and with communities and local health care providers to help prevent or reduce harmful human health effects from exposure to hazardous substances. The ATSDR provides information about asbestos and where to find occupational and environmental health clinics.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates the general public’s exposure to asbestos in buildings, drinking water, and the environment.

The EPA offers a Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Hotline and an Asbestos Ombudsman. The TSCA Hotline provides technical assistance and information about asbestos programs implemented under the TSCA, which include the Asbestos School Hazard Abatement Act and the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act. The Asbestos Ombudsman focuses on asbestos in schools and handles questions and complaints. Both the TSCA Hotline and the Asbestos Ombudsman can provide publications on a number of topics, particularly on controlling asbestos exposure in schools and other buildings. The Ombudsman operates a toll-free hotline for small businesses, trade associations, and others seeking free, confidential help.

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